21st Century Council, Board of Directors
Shaukat Aziz has a 30-year career in global finance, encompassing roles in Pakistan, Greece, the U.S., the U.K., Malaysia, the Philippines, Jordan, Saudi Arabia and Singapore. He headed Citigroup’s global Private Banking Division and progressed to a senior position with the bank in New York. He became Finance Minister in 1999, and was named "Finance Minister of the Year" for 2001 by Euromoney and The Bankers magazines. As Prime Minister, Aziz restored his country’s credibility in the global market; he is renowned for doing what is best, not simply what is politically expedient.
BPCC Director and Advisory Board, Board of Directors
Daniel A. Bell (born 1964) is chair professor of the Schwarzman Scholars Program at Tsinghua University in Beijing and director of the Berggruen Institute of Philosophy and Culture. He was previously director of the Center for International and Comparative Political Theory at Tsinghua University. He was born in Montreal, educated at McGill and Oxford, has taught in Singapore, Hong Kong, and Shanghai, and has held research fellowships at Princeton’s University Center for Human Values and Stanford’s Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, as well as a Lady Davis fellowship at Hebrew University.
He is the author of numerous books including The China Model: Political Meritocracy and the Limits of Democracy (2015), The Spirit of Cities: Why the Identity of a City Matters in a Global Age[coauthored with Avner de-Shalit] (2011), China’s New Confucianism: Politics and Everyday Life in a Changing Society (2010), Beyond Liberal Democracy: Political Thinking for an East Asian Context (2006), and East Meets West: Human Rights and Democracy in East Asia (2000).
He writes widely on politics and philosophy for the leading media outlets in China and the West. He is the series editor of a translation series by Princeton University Press that aims to translate the most influential and original works of Chinese scholars (http://press.princeton.edu/catalogs/series/title/the-princeton-china-series.html). He is also the editor of Confucian Political Ethics (Princeton University Press) and the coeditor of four books with Cambridge University Press.
Berggruen Holdings has operations in the U.S., Europe, and Asia, as well as real estate and financial investments globally. The firm and related entities have made well over 100 direct investments during the last 20 years by committing entirely its own capital across diverse industries, both public and private and focusing on building long-term value. Investments are often socially and culturally driven. The Berggruen Group has offices in New York, Berlin, Istanbul, Tel Aviv and Mumbai.
Through the Berggruen Institute, an independent, non-partisan think tank, he encourages the study and design of systems of good governance suited for the 21st century. Mr. Berggruen is a board director of Zewail City of Science and Technology, Egypt; a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the Pacific Council on International Policy.
Committed to leaving a legacy of art and architecture, he sits on the boards of the Museum Berggruen, Berlin, and the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, and is a member of the International Councils for the Tate Museum, London and the Museum of Modern Art, New York. He has collaborated on projects with such renowned architects as Richard Meier, Shigeru Ban and David Adjaye.
Mr. Berggruen was born in Paris, where he studied at l’Ecole Alsacienne before attending Le Rosey in Switzerland. He obtained a Bachelor of Science in Finance and International Business from New York University in 1981. Prior to Berggruen Holdings, he worked for Bass Brothers Enterprises on the real estate side of this family-held investment firm, as well as for Jacobson and Co., Inc., a leveraged buyout company. In 1988, Mr. Berggruen co-founded the Alpha Group, a hedge fund operation, which was sold to Safra Bank in 2004. He is a member of the WPO-Angeleno; a board member of Promotora De Informaciones, S.A. (Prisa) and Le Monde.
Mr. Berggruen is co-author with Nathan Gardels of Intelligent Governance for the 21st Century, a Financial Times Book of the Year.
Board of Directors (Secretary)
Jared Bluestein joined Berggruen Holdings in June 1996 and is responsible for the execution, management and oversight of 50 direct investments in the U.S. and Europe. Jared plays a key role in Berggruen's buyout activities, investment sourcing, portfolio oversight and firm administration. He currently sits on the boards of directors of Hoover Treated Wood Products, IMS Group, LeYa, Karstadt Wrenhaus GmbH, and IEC. He is also a member of YPO (Young Presidents' Organization). His degrees in finance and international business are from Pennsylvania State University
Board of Directors, Think Long Committee for California
Prior to forming TPG, David Bonderman was COO of the Robert M. Bass Group, Inc.; a partner in the law firm of Arnold & Porter, where he specialized in corporate, securities, bankruptcy and antitrust litigation; a Fellow in Foreign and Comparative Law in conjunction with Harvard University; and Special Assistant to the U.S. Attorney General in the Civil Rights Division. Bonderman serves on a variety of boards including General Motors Company; Ryanair Holdings, plc, where he serves as Chairman; CoStar Group, Inc.; VTB Bank; the Grand Canyon Trust; and The Wilderness Society.
From 2012-2016, Calhoun was Director and President of the London School of Economics and Political Science, where he remains Centennial Professor. He led major efforts to strengthen LSE’s faculty and its leadership in interdisciplinary, international social science and public policy analysis; to upgrade the quality of teaching; to improve the campus and LSE’s relations to the city around it; and to enhance equity, diversity, and inclusion. He set records for philanthropic fundraising two years in a row.
Before LSE, Calhoun was President of the New York-based Social Science Research Council (SSRC), and University Professor of Social Sciences and Director of the Institute for Public Knowledge at NYU. He previously taught at Columbia University and the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill – where he served as Dean of the Graduate School and founding Director of the University Center for International Studies (now Fedex Center for Global Education). He has been a visiting professor in Asmara, Beijing, Berlin, Bristol, Khartoum, Oslo, and Paris.
In all of these positions, Professor Calhoun has encouraged efforts to integrate knowledge and education across academic disciplines and widen the reach of public engagement. His research has ranged broadly through social science addressing culture, social movements, education, religion, nationalism, the impact of technology, capitalism and globalization, and combining critical theory with both contemporary and historical empirical research.
Calhoun is the author of several books including The Roots of Radicalism (2012) on the 19th century origins of modern political movements and Neither Gods nor Emperors (1994), which examined the student movement behind the 1989 Tiananmen Square protest in Beijing. In 2007 he published Nations Matter, which predicted rising nationalist and populist challenges to cosmopolitanism grounded in a highly unequal global economy. With Immanuel Wallerstein, Randall Collins, Georgi Derluguian and Michael Mann he wrote Does Capitalism Have a Future? (2013), now translated into seventeen languages.
In recognition of his contributions to social science research, Professor Calhoun was elected a Fellow of the British Academy in July 2015. In 2014 he received an honorary doctorate from the Erasmus University in Rotterdam, which recognized him as “one of
today’s foremost social scientists.” Among his earlier awards were an honorary doctorate from La Trobe University in Melbourne, Fellowship of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the American Philosophical Society, a ‘best book prize’ from the American Sociological Association, and invitations to give numerous prominent lectures, including the Tanner Lecture in Philosophy and the Willem Aubert Lecture in Sociology.
Calhoun received his doctorate in Politics (with an emphasis on Sociology and Modern Social and Economic History) from Oxford University, following previous study in Southern California, Columbia, and Manchester Universities.
21st Century Council, Council for the Future of Europe, Board of Directors
Juan Luis Cebrián is Chairman of the Executive Committee and was founding Editor-in-Chief of El País. He is Honorary Professor at Universidad Iberoamericana of Santo Domingo and Honorary Visitor at the University of La Plata. Cebrián was a founding member of the journal Cuadernos para el dialogo, Editor-in-Chief of the Madrid dailies Pueblo and Informaciones de Madrid, and Director of news services at Television Española. He is a member of the Spanish Royal Academy, the Club of Rome, Chevalier des Arts and des lettres of France and has authored various books.
Board of Directors
Ray Chambers is a philanthropist and humanitarian who has directed most of his efforts towards at-risk youth. He is the founding Chairman of the Points of Light Foundation and co-founder, with Colin Powell, of America’s Promise -- The Alliance for Youth. He also co-founded the National Mentoring Partnership and served as Chairman of The Millennium Promise Alliance. Chambers has been instrumental in the revitalization of the City of Newark, New Jersey, and was the founding Chairman of the New Jersey Performing Arts Center.
Board of Directors, L.A. Committee
Geoff Cowan is president of the Annenberg Foundation Trust at Sunnylands, a nonprofit organization that convenes high-level conferences for world leaders to address global challenges. He is the former dean of the USC Annenberg School and remains a member of the faculty as a University Professor, the Annenberg Family Chair in Communication Leadership, and director of the USC Annenberg School's Center on Communication Leadership and Policy. Prior to becoming dean, Geoff served in a variety of high-profile positions, including as director of the Voice of America and chairman of the Los Angeles commission that wrote the city's ethics and campaign finance law. He is the author of several books, including “See No Evil: The Backstage Battle Over Sex and Violence on Television” and the best-selling “The People v. Clarence Darrow: The Bribery Trial of America's Greatest Lawyer.” He is a former television producer, playwright and a board member of the California HealthCare Foundation, Common Sense Media, and the Susan Thompson Buffett Foundation, among others. He is a graduate of Harvard College and Yale Law School.
21st Century Council, Council for the Future of Europe, Board of Directors
Mohamed El-Erian is the former CEO of PIMCO and now serves as the Chief Economic Adviser of Allianz. He has been widely published on international economics, including a monthly column in Foreign Policy and as contributing editor to the Financial Times. He was ranked among Foreign Policy’s “Top 100 Global Thinkers” from 2009-2012. Before joining PIMCO, El-Erian spent 15 years at the International Monetary Fund and served as Managing Director at Salomon Smith Barney/Citigroup and President and CEO of Harvard Management Company. He is a board member of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and the National Bureau for Economic Research, chairs the Microsoft Investment Advisory Committee, and is a member of the Investor Advisory Committee on Financial Markets at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. Dr. El-Erian received a B.A. and an M.A. from Cambridge University, and an M.Phil and Ph.D. from Oxford University.
Senior Advisor, Board of Directors, BPCC Advisory Board
Nathan Gardels is the editor-in-chief of The WorldPost and a senior adviser to the Berggruen Institute. He has been editor of New Perspectives Quarterly since it began publishing in 1985. He has served as editor of Global Viewpoint and Nobel Laureates Plus (services of Los Angeles Times (Syndicate/Tribune Media) since 1989. These services have a worldwide readership of 35 million in 15 languages.
Gardels has written widely for The Wall Street Journal, Los Angeles Times, New York Times, Washington Post, Harper's, U.S. News & World Report and the New York Review of Books. He has also written for foreign publications, including Corriere della Sera, El Pais, Le Figaro, the Straits Times (Singapore), Yomiuri Shimbun, O'Estado de Sao Paulo, The Guardian, Die Welt and many others. His books include,"At Century's End: Great Minds Reflect on Our Times" and "The Changing Global Order”. He is coauthor with Hollywood producer Mike Medvoy of "American Idol After Iraq: Competing for Hearts and Minds in the Global Media Age."
Since 1986, Gardels has been a Media Fellow of the World Economic Forum (Davos). He has lectured at the Islamic Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (ISESCO) in Rabat, Morocco and the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in Beijing, China. Gardels was a founding member at the New Delhi meeting of Intellectuels du Monde and a visiting researcher at the USA-Canada Institute in Moscow before the end of the Cold War. He has been a member of the Council of Foreign Relations, as well as the Pacific Council, for many years.
From 1983 to 1985, Gardels was executive director of the Institute for National Strategy where he conducted policy research at the USA-Canada Institute in Moscow, the People's Institute of Foreign Affairs in Beijing, the Swedish Institute in Stockholm and the Friedrich Ebert Stiftung in Bonn. Prior to this, he spent four years as key adviser to the Governor of California on economic affairs with an emphasis on public investment, trade issues, the Pacific Basin and Mexico.
Gardels is co-author with Nicolas Berggruen of Intelligent Governance for the 21st Century, a Financial Times Book of the Year.
Gardels holds degrees in Theory and Comparative Politics and in Architecture and Urban Planning from UCLA. He lives in Los Angeles with his wife, Lilly, and two sons, Carlos and Alexander.
Board of Directors, BPCC Advisory Board
Dr. Amy Gutmann is President and Christopher H. Browne Distinguished Professor of Political Science and Professor of Communication at the University of Pennsylvania. As President of the University of Pennsylvania, Dr. Amy Gutmann is a national leader in the effort to facilitate greater access to higher education. Appointed in 2009 by President Barack Obama, she chairs the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues. She also serves on the National Commission on the Humanities and Social Sciences, and on the Boards of the National Constitution Center and the Vanguard Group. Dr. Gutmann has been honored with the Harvard University Centennial Medal, the Carnegie Corporation Academic Leadership Award, and was named by Newsweek one of the "150 Women Who Shake the World" in 2011. She previously served as President of the American Society for Political and Legal Philosophy. Dr. Gutmann is a founding member of the Global Colloquium of University Presidents, an advisory group to the Secretary General of the United Nations. Her most recent book, The Spirit of Compromise: Why Governing Demands It and Campaigning Undermines It (with Dennis Thompson), was published in 2012.
Prior to her appointment at Penn, Dr. Gutmann served as Provost at Princeton University, where she also was the Laurance S. Rockefeller University Professor of Politics.
21st Century Council, Board of Directors
Arianna Huffington is a nationally syndicated columnist, and author of thirteen books. She is a frequent guest on television shows such as Charlie Rose, Real Time with Bill Maher, Larry King Live, Countdown with Keith Olbermann and The Rachel Maddow Show. The Huffington Post has quickly become one of the most widely-read, linked to, and frequently-cited media brands on the Internet. Huffington was listed among Time Magazine's list of the world's 100 most influential people in 2011, and to the Financial Times’ list of 50 people who shaped the decade.
Board of Directors, BPCC Advisory Board
Margaret Levi is the Sara Miller McCune Director of the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences (CASBS) at Stanford and Professor of Political Science, Stanford University, and Jere L. Bacharach Professor Emerita of International Studies, University of Washington. She is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and of the National Academy of Sciences. She served as president of the American Political Science Association, 2004-2005. In 2014 she received the William H. Riker Prize in Political Science. She earned her BA from Bryn Mawr College in 1968 and her PhD from Harvard University in 1974. She was general editor of Cambridge Studies in Comparative Politics and is co-general editor of the Annual Review of Political Science. Levi is the author or coauthor of numerous articles and seven books. Always interested in how to improve government and its relationship with those it serves, she explores how organizations provoke member willingness to act beyond material interest and the conditions under which people come to believe their governments are legitimate and the consequences of those beliefs for compliance, consent, and the rule of law.
Levi and her husband, Robert Kaplan, are avid collectors of Australian Aboriginal art. Ancestral Modern, published by Yale University Press and the Seattle Art Museum, catalogues some of their collection.
Dawn is the Executive Vice President of the Berggruen Institute. In this position, Dawn is responsible for building the institution to become an organization of global reach and influence. Prior to joining the Berggruen Institute, Dawn was the Executive Vice President of the Pacific Council on International Policy, a global leadership network dedicated to enhancing awareness of and developing solutions to global challenges. In her position she oversaw all aspects of the organization and drove several special initiatives including the Energy, Environment and Security Committee and the Equitable Globalization Committee. She also co-directed the project on California’s Adaptation to Climate Change, recruiting the members of the taskforce which ultimately was appointed by Governor Schwarzenegger to be the California Adaptation Advisory Council to the State. Prior to joining the Pacific Council, Dawn worked as a consultant for McKinsey & Company where she developed growth strategy for Fortune 500 companies in a variety of industries, including high tech, medical device, biotech, consumer products and retail industries. She holds an MBA from University of Chicago Booth School of Business, and an undergraduate degree in Political Science from the McGill University in Canada. Dawn sits on the board of the Values Schools charter school organization, and an active member of the California Peace Action Network and California League of Conservation Voters.
21st Century Council (President), Board of Directors
Since leaving office, Ernesto Zedillo has been a leading voice on globalization and a strong advocate of multilateralism. He is Director of the Yale Center for the Study of Globalization and Professor of International Economics and Politics. He was with the Central Bank of Mexico for a decade, then served in a number of distinguished roles with the Government of Mexico. He was Chairman of the Global Development Network, the Oversight Board of the Natural Resource Charter, and the High Level Commission on Modernization of World Bank Group Governance, and remains a member of the Global Commission on Drug Policy.