25 November 2013
Chinese President Xi Jinping greets members of the 21st Century Council
Members of the Berggruen Institute’s 21st Century Council had the opportunity to gain a firsthand glimpse into the mindset of China’s new leadership during a rare, wide-ranging discussion with President Xi Jinping at the Great Hall of the People in early November on the eve of the recent Third Plenum of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party, which announced a broad array of reforms.
Chinese Premier Li Keqiang (6th L) with members of the 21st Century Council in the Great Hall of the People, Beijing
We also met with Premier Li Keqiang, top generals of the People’s Liberation Army and other ranking officials from National People’s Congress, key drafters of the new reforms, and governors and Party secretaries from Zhejiang, Guangdong and Yunnan provinces.
(see our recent Bloomberg column for our report and analysis. A fuller account of the meetings will appear in WORLDPOST in January.)
The meeting was jointly hosted by the Berggruen Institute, Zheng Bijian’s China Institute for Innovation and Development and the People’s Institute on Foreign Affairs.
The group also engaged in a full day of roundtable discussions on topics ranging from models of governance to social media.
The 21st Century Council members and guests in attendance, among others, included:
Shaukat Aziz, Former Prime Minister of Pakistan
Nicolas Berggruen, Chairman, Berggruen Institute on Governance
David Bonderman, Founding Partner, TPG Capital
Gordon Brown, Former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Juan Luis Cebrián, Chairman, PRISA
Ronnie Chan, Chairman, Hang Lung Group, LTD.
Francis Fukuyama, Author, The Strengths and Weakness of China’s Governing System
Felipe González, Former Prime Minister of Spain
Reid Hoffman, Co-Founder and Executive Chairman, LinkedIn
Fred Hu, Chief Executive Officer of Primavera Capital, China
Arianna Huffington, Founder, President and Chair, The Huffington Post Media Group
Paul Keating, Former Prime Minister of Australia
Aleksei Kudrin, Former Russian Minister of Finance
Ricardo Lagos, Former President of Chile
Kishore Mahbubani, Author, The Great Convergence
Alain Minc, Founder, A.M. Counseil
Mario Monti, Former Prime Minister of Italy
Dambisa Moyo, International Economist
Pierre Omidyar, Founder, eBay
Nouriel Roubini, Co-Founder and Chairman, Roubini Global Economics
Kevin Rudd, Former Prime Minister of Australia
Eric Schmidt, Executive Chairman, Google Inc.
Stephen Schwarzman, Chief Executive Officer, Blackstone Group
Wu Jianmin, Executive Vice Chairman, China Institute for Innovation and Development Strategy
George Yeo, Former Foreign Minister of Singapore
Fareed Zakaria, CNN News Anchor
Ernesto Zedillo, Chairman, 21st Century Council
Zheng Bijian, Chairman, China Institute for Innovation and Development Strategy
31 October 2013
Zedillo Ponce de León will be the new chair of the 21st Century Council as part of a deeper partnership between the Yale Center for the Study of Globalization (YCSG), of which he is the director, and the Berggruen Institute on Governance (BIG).
BIG's 21st Century Council is a forum for dialogue and action on global governance, emphasizing the G-20 as the governing body of globalization. Members include former heads of state, global entrepreneurs, and political thinkers. The group, which is currently in China meeting with President Xi Jinping and Premier Li Keqiang as part of its "Understanding China" conference, includes members such as Nicolas Sarkozy, Zheng Bijian, Fernando Henrique Cardoso, Amartya Sen, Eric Schmidt, and Arianna Huffington.
Both BIG and YCSG share the goal of identifying the challenges and opportunities inherent with globalization in the 21st century. Given the coherence in our respective missions, there exist many possibilities for meaningful collaboration.
Zedillo Ponce de León, who was President of Mexico from 1994 to 2000 and has been at Yale since 2002, has been a member of the 21st Century Council since it was first convened by the Berggruen Institute on Governance in 2011.
4 May 2012
Discussion with President Calderon caps two-day annual conference
The 21st Century Council focused mainly on supporting the ongoing initiatives of the Group of 20 – structural economic reforms and improving the international financial architecture – as well as debating ways to strengthen the G20 itself. Meeting in Mexico City at the beginning of May, the council also discussed President Felipe Calderon’s signature issue for the Mexican G20 presidency -- green growth – and met with the president to present the council’s recommendations, which were also the basis for a public statement. Meetings with two of the candidates hoping to replace Calderon, and presentations on “Is Democracy Self-Correcting?” and “Jobs, Trade and Technology,” rounded out the three-day meeting.
Agustin Carstens (center)
Agustin Carstens, Mexico’s central bank governor, spoke to the question of improving the international financial architecture, while WTO head Pascal Lamy gave a talk on the current trade situation.
Former Prime Minister Gordon Brown of the United Kingdom
Paul Martin and Gordon Brown both spoke on the history and prospects of the G20 model, including the possibilities (such as a G20 secretariat) for improved G20 effectiveness. Ernesto Zedillo, who was prevented by last-minute weather shifts from attending, sent a paper on the subject, arguing for a limited macroeconomic mandate and closer G20 coordination with the IMF.
Google Chair Eric Schmidt addresses the conference
The economic crisis was a constant thread, particularly in the presentations by Larry Summers and Laura Tyson (on demand creation and employment) and Eric Schmidt (on technology), while Ping Chen emphasized that the era of “convergent growth” and U.S.-led globalization is over, to be replaced by “plural growth” and a “scope” rather than “scale” economy.
Then Presidential Candidate of Mexico Enrique Peña Nieto
The council met with two of the presidential candidates -- Gabriel Quadri de la Torre and the eventual winner, Enrique Pena Nieto – and spent the final morning in a working breakfast with President Calderon at Los Pinos.
The council’s first informal dinner was at the Four Seasons and focused on political change in the U.S. and China. Later dinners were graciously hosted by Manuel Arango and Carlos Slim.
Council members and guests at the Mexico City meeting (in person or by video link) were:
Manuel Arango, Environmentalist and Philanthropist
Shaukat Aziz, former Prime Minister of Pakistan
Nicolas Berggruen, Chairman of 21st Century Council
Gordon Brown, former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Fernando Henrique Cardoso, former President of Brazil
Agustin Carstens, Governor of the Bank of Mexico
Juan Luis Cebrian, CEO of PRISA, Chairman of El Pais
Ping Chen, Professor of economics & finance, Peking University
Jared Cohen, Director of Google Ideas
Bruno Ferrari, Secretary of the Economy, Government of Mexico
Francis Fukuyama, Professor, Stanford University
Nathan Gardels, Senior Advisor, Nicolas Berggruen Institute
Ramon Alberto Garza, Founder and CEO of IndigoMedia
Felipe Gonzalez, former President of Spain
John Gray, philosopher, Professor Emeritus London School of Economics
Nobuyuki Idei, CEO Quantum Leaps Corporation
Josef Joffe, Editor, Die Zeit and Senior Fellow, Freeman-Spogli Institute, Stanford.
Wu Jianmin, former Chinese Ambassador to France
Pascal Lamy, Secretary General of World Trade Organization
Pablo Legorreta, CEO Royalty Pharma
Eric X. Li, Managing Director of Chengwei Capital
Scott Malcomson, Director of Communications and Senior Advisor, Nicolas Berggruen Institute
Paul Martin, former Prime Minister of Canada
Mario Molina, Nobel laureate
Dambisa Moyo, Economist, Author
Dawn Nakagawa, Executive Director, Nicolas Berggruen Institute
Antonio Navalon, Political analyst, author and President of EISA Group
Christophe Nuttall, Executive Director of the R20
Enrique Peña Nieto, Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI)
Gabriel Quadri de la Torre, New Alliance Party
Raghuram Rajan, Professor, University of Chicago
Nouriel Roubini, Chairman Roubini Global Economics
Eric Schmidt, Executive Chairman of Google
Carlos Alberto Sicupira, Founder and CEO 3G Capital
N.K. Singh, member of Parliament, India
Carlos Slim, Chairman and CEO of TelMex, America Movil
Lawrence Summers, former United States Secretary of the Treasury
Laura Tyson, Professor University of California Berkeley
Feng Wei, Deputy Secretary-General, China Institute for Innovation and Development Strategy
George Yeo, former Minister of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Singapore
- Nicolas Berggruen & Nathan Gardels
- Huang Fu and Ping Li
- Gideon Rachman
- Chen Yang
- Fareed Zakaria
China Central Television
- Zhang Yiwei and Chen Yang
- Zhao Yanrong
South China Morning Post
- Nicolas Berggruen and Nathan Gardelsview all